- Welsh: Caerffili
Caerphilly (Welsh: Caerffili) is a commuter town of Cardiff and Newport in South Wales, located at the bottom of the Rhymney Valley, with a population of approximately 31,000. It is about 2-3 miles north of the Cardiff suburbs of Lisvane and Rhiwbina, separated by Caerphilly Mountain. It is traditionally within the county of Glamorgan, on the border with Monmouthshire and it the largest town in the county borough of Caerphilly, which since 2003 has formed part of the lieutenancy area of Gwent. The town gives its name to Caerphilly cheese, which originated in the area.
Caerphilly is the site of Caerphilly Castlehttp://www.castlewales.com/caerphil.html, built between 1268 and 1271, which is the largest castle in Wales, and second largest in Britain (after Windsor). In 1899 the Rhymney Railway built their maintenance facilities; however, the expansion of the population in the nineteenth century was more to do with the increasing market for coal. Caerphilly hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1950.
Caerphilly is featured in the Sex Pistols documentary The Filth and the Fury. Protests and a prayer meeting were held outside the Castle Cinema on the evening of December 14, 1976, when the Pistols were playing a concert there. At this point in time, Caerphilly was one of the few councils that would allow the group to perform (Leeds and Manchester being the others).
Caerphilly is the birthplace of Tommy Cooper,and it was home to Nottingham Forest and Wales star Robert Earnshaw, following his family's move from Zambia. Dennis Spargo, creator of the film Machen: Then & Now, lived in Caerphilly for several years until 2006.
The town has a rugby union club, Caerphilly RFC, who play in Division 1 EAST of the Welsh National League.
During the summer, the town hosts The Big Cheese festival and a fundraising musical event called Megaday.
TransportThe A469 trunk road runs through the town north to south, while the A468 skirts the northern boundary of the town. Caerphilly has two railway stations; Caerphilly at the southern end of the town near the shopping area, and Aber in the western part of the town, both on the Rhymney Line serving Cardiff.
Network Rail propose that a new station be built in Energlyn to support residential development in that part of the town.
Caerphilly in Breton: Caerffili
Caerphilly in Welsh: Caerffili
Caerphilly in German: Caerphilly
Caerphilly in Estonian: Caerphilly
Caerphilly in Esperanto: Caerphilly
Caerphilly in French: Caerphilly
Caerphilly in Lithuanian: Karfilis
Caerphilly in Japanese: ケアフィリ
Caerphilly in Polish: Caerphilly
Caerphilly in Portuguese: Caerphilly